14-17 May 2018
New Orleans
US/Central timezone

Doping SBA-15 with Nickel Oxide by Freeze-Drying Impregnation

15 May 2018, 17:15
1h 30m
New Orleans

New Orleans

Poster MS 1.12: Fluids in Nanoporous Media Poster 2


Prof. Gerhard Findenegg (Technical University Berlin)


Immobilization of transition metal oxides on a solid support by impregnation with solutions of metal salts is a common route in catalyst design. An inherent difficulty of such methods is that precipitation by solvent evaporation leads to undesirably large catalyst crystallites forming at the outer surface of the porous support. In this study we explore the potential of an alternative route, based on eutectic crystallization of the aqueous metal salts in the pores of ordered mesoporous silica [1] and removal of ice by freeze-drying. The so-called two-solvents method was used to selectively load the pore space [2], i.e., to avoid an excess layer of salt solution coating the outside of the silica particles. The resulting samples were frozen with liquid nitrogen and lyophilized, then slowly heated to 500°C and calcined. A morphological and structural analysis of the formed nickel oxide species in the pores was performed and compared to samples prepared by conventional solvent evaporation.
The immobilized nickel oxide prepared by the new technique appeared in two morphologies: (a) crystallites of size somewhat smaller than the pore diameter of SBA-15 (7 nm); (b) material causing no XRD reflections but still detectable by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Nitrogen sorption isotherms provided further information about the distribution of NiO in the pores: For samples containing NiO crystallites the pore-size distribution (psd) of the primary pores was strongly broadened towards lower diameters. For samples showing no crystallites the psd remained narrow but was shifted, indicating that NiO was forming a thin layer at the pore wall.


  1. J. Meissner, A. Prause, G. H. Findenegg, Secondary confinement of water observed in eutectic melting of aqueous salt systems in nanopores, J. Phys. Chem. Letters 7 (2016) 1816-1820.
  2. M. Impéror-Clerc, D. Bazin, M. Appay, P. Beaunier, A. Davidson, Crystallization of ß-MnO2 nanowires in the pores of SBA-15 silica, Chem. Mater. 16 (2004) 1813-1821.
Acceptance of Terms and Conditions Click here to agree

Primary authors

Mr Albert Prause (Technical University Berlin) Dr Jens Meissner (Technical University Berlin) Prof. Reinhard Schomäcker (Technical University Berlin) Prof. Gerhard Findenegg (Technical University Berlin)

Presentation Materials

There are no materials yet.