14-17 May 2018
New Orleans
US/Central timezone

Study of foam generation mechanism at the pore scale

14 May 2018, 16:30
15m
New Orleans

New Orleans

Poster MS 1.26: Fundamentals and applications of foam in permeable media Poster 1

Speaker

Qingjian Li (Stevens Institute of Technology)

Description

Foam injection into the subsurface is generally performed to improve gas mobility control during enhanced-oil recovery (EOR) and contaminated site remediation (Lake et al., 1989; Hirasaki et al., 2000; Mulligan et al., 2006). Several experiments have been conducted to study the foam generation mechanism at both the pore and continuum scales (Kovscek et al., 1994; Kam et al., 2003; Gauteplass et al., 2015; Prigiobbe et al., 2016). Pore scale experiments allow to understand the mechanism of bubble formation with a potential to help formulating constitutive equations for foam flow models improving their accuracy of prediction. However, pore scale studies have not been used to formulate foam generation rate, yet. Here, we present an experimental and modeling work on foam generation mechanism with a porous medium chip. Systematic tests at different flow conditions were performed using various chemicals to stabilize the foam, such as the surfactant, nanoparticles, and a combination of them. The pressure drop and the foam texture were monitored continuously using a pressure transducer and a high-speed high-resolution camera. We observed that to generate a foam in the presence of nanoparticles requires larger energy than when the surfactant is used to stabilize the lamellae. Possibility due to the larger critical capillary pressure for bubble rupture (Pc*) that can be reached in the presence of nanoparticles. Upon image processing, the results show that the generation rate and, therefore, the total number of bubbles increase with the injection rate, creating a more uniform bubble size distribution. We observed that nearby the gas injection the controlling mechanism of the bubble formation is snap-off, while afar from that lamella division dominates.

References

Lake L.W. (1989), Enhanced oil recovery, Prentice Hall.
Hirasaki, G. J., Jackson, R. E., Jin, M., Lawson, J. B., Londergan, J., Meinardus, H., Miller H., Pope C.A., Szafranski G.A. & Tanzil, D. (2000). Field demonstration of the surfactant/foam process for remediation of a heterogeneous aquifer contaminated with DNAPL. NAPL Removal: Surfactants, Foams, and Microemulsions, 3-163.
Mulligan, C. N., & Wang, S. (2006). Remediation of a heavy metal-contaminated soil by a rhamnolipid foam. Engineering Geology, 85(1), 75-81.
Kovscek, A. R., & Radke, C. J. (1994). Fundamentals of foam transport in porous media.
Kam, S. I., & Rossen, W. R. (2003). A model for foam generation in homogeneous media. SPE Journal, 8(04), 417-425.
Gauteplass, J., Chaudhary, K., Kovscek, A. R., and Fernø, M. A. (2015). Pore-level foam generation and flow for mobility control in fractured systems. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 468, 184-192.
Prigiobbe, V., Worthen, A. J., Johnston, K. P., Huh, C., and Bryant, S. L. (2016). Transport of Nanoparticle-Stabilized CO2-Foam in Porous Media. Transport in Porous Media, 111(1), 265-285.

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Primary authors

Qingjian Li (Stevens Institute of Technology) Mr Abhishek Patel (Stevens Institute of Technology) Valentina Prigiobbe (Stevens Institute of Technology)

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