14-17 May 2018
New Orleans
US/Central timezone

CO2 convective dissolution controlled by temporal changes in free-phase CO2 properties

17 May 2018, 10:47
New Orleans

New Orleans

Oral 20 Minutes MS 1.07: Advances in solubility trapping of CO2 in geological formations Parallel 10-A


Hamid Emami-Meybodi (Pennsylvania State University)


Understanding the factors that control CO2 convective dissolution, which is one of the permanent trapping mechanisms, in the deep saline aquifer and associated dynamics of mixing is crucial in the long-term fate of the injected CO2. The present study investigates the effects of temporal changes in the solubility of CO2 at the free-phase CO2/brine interface on the onset of natural convection and the subsequent convective mixing by conducting linear stability analyses (LSA) and direct numerical simulations (DNS). A time-dependent concentration boundary is considered for the free-phase CO2/brine interface where the CO2 concentration first decreases with the time and then remains constant. The LSA results show that the temporal variation in the concentration increases the onset of natural convection up to two orders of magnitude. In other words, size and pressure of the injected CO2 affect the commencement of convective mixing. Based on LSA results, several scaling relations are proposed to correlate critical time and its corresponding wavenumbers with time-dependent boundary’s parameters, such as concentration decline rate and equilibrium concentration ratio. The DNS results reveal that the convective fingering patterns are significantly influenced by the variation of CO2 concentration at the interface. These findings improve our understanding of CO2 solubility trapping and are particularly important in estimation of potential storage capacity, risk assessment, and storage sites characterization and screening.

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Primary authors

Seyed Mostafa Jafari Raad (PhD) Hamid Emami-Meybodi (Pennsylvania State University) Hassan Hassanzadeh (University of Calgary)

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