May 22 – 25, 2023
Europe/London timezone

Imaging particle transport in thin, porous media using high-speed NMR.

May 25, 2023, 2:15 PM
Oral Presentation (MS16) Fluid Interactions with Thin Porous Media MS16


Mr ruben nicasy (Eindhoven University of Technology)


The transport of particles in porous media has received growing attention in the last decades due to environmental concerns in for example the printing industry, the filtration of drinking water and the transport of pollutants in soil. The migration of particles is a complex process which depends on different physicochemical phenomena such as the liquid-particle and particle-media interaction, flow dynamics and the pore morphology. Experimental studies on fast penetration with high resolution are still challenging. In this research, a closer look is taken towards the printing process of water-based inks. One of the most important ingredients which also determine the print quality are latex particles. Therefore, this study aims to follow the transport of latex particles in a variety of water-glycerol mixtures. In this study it is shown that a previous introduced high-speed NMR technique [1] based on the GARField method [2,3] is an ideal tool for studying latex particle penetrations with a temporal resolution of 10 ms and a resolution of 14.5 µm. In order to follow the latex particles within the NMR-setup, magnetic cores are introduced that will modify the signal intensity. The signal intensity is calibrated with respect to the particle concentration, where increasing the particle concentration will decrease the signal intensity. Secondly, penetration experiments with different particle concentrations on porous Nylon membranes with a pore radius of 380 nm were performed. NMR profiles taken at the moment when the fluid reaches the bottom of the membrane are shown in figure 1a. The profiles reveal a splitting of the particle and liquid front which can be seen by the signal increase within the membrane. The positions of the particle front are marked with circles in the same figure. The penetration depth of the particles could also be verified by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurement, see figure 1b.
Experiments with varying particle concentrations revealed that increasing the particle concentration will slow down the carrier fluid penetration speed and increase the particle penetration depth. Finally, it will be shown that the method allows to track ink ingredients during capillary uptake by paper sheets.


[1] Nicasy, R., Huinink, H. P., Erich, S. J. F., & Adan, O. C. G. (2021). High-speed NMR imaging of capillary action in thin nontransparent porous media. Physical Review E, 104(4), L043101.

[2] Glover, P. M., Aptaker, P. S., Bowler, J. R., Ciampi, E., & McDonald, P. J. (1999). A Novel High-Gradient Permanent Magnet for the Profiling of Planar Films and Coatings. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 139(1), 90–97.

[3] Nicasy, R., Huinink, H., Erich, B., & Olaf, A. (2022). NMR Profiling of Reaction and Transport in Thin Layers: A Review. Polymers 2022, Vol. 14, Page 798, 14(4), 798.

Participation In-Person
Country Belgium
MDPI Energies Student Poster Award No, do not submit my presenation for the student posters award.
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Primary authors

Mr Olaf Adan (TNO) Henk Huinink (Eindhoven University of Technology) Mr ruben nicasy (Eindhoven University of Technology) Prof. Bart Erich (Organization of Applied Scientific Research, TNO The Netherlands, P.O. Box 49, 2600 AA Delft, The Netherlands) Dr Aitor Barquero (POLYMAT, The University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Avenida de Tolosa,72, Donostia-San Sebastian, 20018, Spain)

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