May 22 – 25, 2023
Europe/London timezone

Modeling plant water deficit by Richards’ equation with a non-local root water uptake term

May 24, 2023, 12:15 PM
15m
Oral Presentation (MS07) Mathematical and numerical methods for multi-scale multi-physics, nonlinear coupled processes MS07

Speaker

Dr Marco Berardi (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Istituto di Ricerca sulle Acque)

Description

In this talk we present a novel way to mathematically frame the concept of ecological memory of plant water stress in the context of root water uptake in the unsaturated flow equation.
As reported in [1], ecological memory can be defined as “the degree to which an ecological process is shaped by its past modifications of a landscape”. Inspired by recent eco-hydrological papers (see in particular [2], [3]), we model the water content dynamics in a soil plant system by Richards’ equation with a non-local root water absorption term. In order to account for this memory term, an integral equation is defined, and sufficient conditions are provided which ensure existence and uniqueness of its solution: in particular, the memory term carries a weight function and takes into account 1) the length of the memory; 2) the temporal pattern of the memory; 3) the strength of the memory.
Finally, tailored numerical methods are implemented, and numerical simulations are also provided: in particular, we show the behaviors of memory terms with exponential weight and with fractional weight.

Bibliography

  1. K. Ogle, J. J. Barber, G. A. Barron-Gafford, L. P. Bentley, J. M. Young, T. E. Huxman, M. E. Loik,D. T. Tissue, Quantifying ecological memory in plant and ecosystem processes, Ecology Letters 18 (3) (2014) 221–235. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12399.
  2. X. Wu, Q. Zuo, J. Shi, L. Wang, X. Xue, A. Ben-Gal, Introducing water stress hysteresis to the Feddes empirical macroscopic root water uptake model, Agricultural Water Management 240 (2020) 106293. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106293
  3. A. Carminati, A model of root water uptake coupled with rhizosphere dynamics, Vadose Zone Journal 11 (2012). doi:doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0106.

References

  1. K. Ogle, J. J. Barber, G. A. Barron-Gafford, L. P. Bentley, J. M. Young, T. E. Huxman, M. E. Loik,D. T. Tissue, Quantifying ecological memory in plant and ecosystem processes, Ecology Letters 18 (3) (2014) 221–235. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12399.
  2. X. Wu, Q. Zuo, J. Shi, L. Wang, X. Xue, A. Ben-Gal, Introducing water stress hysteresis to the Feddes empirical macroscopic root water uptake model, Agricultural Water Management 240 (2020) 106293. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106293
  3. A. Carminati, A model of root water uptake coupled with rhizosphere dynamics, Vadose Zone Journal 11 (2012). doi:doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0106.
Participation In-Person
Country Italy
MDPI Energies Student Poster Award No, do not submit my presenation for the student posters award.
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Primary authors

Dr Marco Berardi (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Istituto di Ricerca sulle Acque) Dr Giovanni Girardi (Universit`a Politecnica delle Marche)

Presentation materials

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